Know About Radiation

Mobile Phones have been called “The Cigarettes of 21st Century”. World Health Organization (WHO) has classified mobile radiations as possibly carcinogenic (cancerous).
Prolonged exposure to Electromagnetic Radiations from Mobile Phones, Computers and other personal Electronic Gadgets can cause:

  • Short term effects such as Headaches, Dizziness, Nausea & Fatigue.
  • Lower sperm count in men – The harm is done simply by keeping a mobile phone switched on in one’s pocket.
  • Risk to development of fetus in pregnant women.
  • Increased Stress Levels and risk to Heart – Tachycardia.
  • Glioma, Brain Tumour and Cancer in extreme cases.
The growing use of wireless communication in the last decade has introduced concerns about health risks from the so-called man made electro-smog. Microwave / Electromagnetic Radiation can be classified as having:

  • Thermal Effects
  • Non-Thermal Effects
The thermal effects have been largely studied and referred to the heat that is generated due to absorption of Radiation. Being exposed to the thermal effect could cause fatigue, cataracts and reduced mental concentration. The Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) value has been fixed and specified for mobile phones to limit the thermal damage. However, more research is going on to study the Non-Thermal effects of radiation.

Report of the Inter-Ministerial Committee on EMF radiation dated February 6, 2011 (Government of India – Ministry of Communications & Information Technology & Department of Telecommunications)
An Inter-ministerial committee consisting of officers from Department of Telecom, Indian Council of Medical Research, Ministry of Health, Department of Biotechnology and Ministry of Environment and Forest was constituted last year to examine the effect of EMF Radiation from base stations and mobile phones.

Studies have shown that human beings have bio-electrical systems. The heart and the brain are regulated by internal bio-electrical signals. Environmental exposures to EMF can interact with fundamental biological processes in the human body and in some cases this may cause discomfort. The effects of EMF radiation can be studied in two ways i.e. bio effects and health effects: –

  • Bio effects are measurable responses to a stimulus or to a change in the atmosphere and are not necessarily harmful to our health.
  • Health effects are the changes which may be short term or long term. These effects stress the system and may be harmful to human health.
There are two distinct possibilities by which the Radio Frequency Radiation (RFR) exposure may cause biological effects. There are thermal effects caused by holding mobile phones close to the body. Secondly, there are non-thermal effects from both phones and base stations.

It has also been mentioned in the report that these radiations have impact on animals and environment also.

Report of Council of Europe dated May 6, 2011 – The potential dangers of electromagnetic fields and their effect on the environment
Background: It must be said that, since some of these new technologies were first introduced, environmental or health problems have emerged and became a topic of discussion in certain countries, both in scientific circles and in the field of health and occupational medicine. From the 1930’s onwards, radar waves were linked to certain “microwave syndromes” among operators and technicians subjected to intensive and prolonged exposure. The former USSR and Eastern bloc countries adopted very low preventive thresholds aimed at protecting operators health.
Conclusion: After analyzing the scientific studies available to date, and also following the hearings for expert opinions organized in the context of the Committee on the Environment, Agriculture and Local and Regional Affairs, there is sufficient evidence of potentially harmful effects of electromagnetic fields on fauna, flora and fauna health to react and to guard against potentially serious environmental and health hazards.

WHO Report: Lyon, France, May 31, 2011
The WHO / International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has classified radiofrequency electromagnetic fields as possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B), based on an increased risk for glioma, a malignant type of brain cancer associated with wireless phone use.
Background: From May 24–31 2011,a Working Group of 31 scientists from 14 countries had a meeting at IARC in Lyon, France, to assess the potential carcinogenic hazards from exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields. The evidence was reviewed critically, and overall evaluated among users of wireless telephones for glioma and acoustic neuroma. The Working Group did not quantify the risk; however, one study of past cell phone use (up to the year 2004), showed a 40% increased risk for gliomas in the highest category of heavy users (reported average: 30 minutes per day over a 10‐year period).
Conclusion: Dr Jonathan Samet (University of Southern California, USA), overall Chairman of the Working Group, indicated that “the evidence, while still accumulating, is strong enough to support a conclusion. The conclusion means that there could be some risk, and therefore we need to keep a close watch for a link between cell phones and cancer risk.”

“Given the potential consequences for public health of this classification and findings,” said IARC Director Christopher Wild, “it is important that additional research be conducted into the long‐term, heavy use of mobile phones. Pending the availability of such information, it is important to take pragmatic measures to reduce exposure such as hands‐free devices or texting.” The Working Group considered hundreds of scientific articles.

Mobile Phones: Cigarettes of the 21st century
Similarities between the two are:

  • Both products may have Addictive qualities.
  • Both products linked to cancer and other kinds of illness.
  • Industries deny any health problems.

Effects of Electromagnetic Radiation on Human Health
Mobile Phones reduce sperm count in men
It has been found that 30% sperm decrease in intensive mobile phone users, in addition to damage of sperms. Not only did using the phone affect a man’s sperm count and the motility (speed of movement) of the sperm, but simply having it switched ON in a pocket was enough to do damage as mobile phones periodically but briefly transmit information to cell towers to establish contact. effects_of_cellphoneradiation_onhumansperm-moskowitz.pdf

EMF impacts Fetus growth in pregnant women
A pregnant woman and the fetus both are vulnerable because of the fact that these radiations continuously react with the developing embryo, the developing child can become affected, the developmental malformation may occur.

Mobile phones are more dangerous than smoking
Mobile phones could kill far more people than smoking or asbestos, a study by an award-winning cancer expert has concluded. He says people should avoid using them wherever possible and that governments and the mobile phone industry must take “immediate steps” to reduce exposure to their radiation.

The study, by Dr. Vini Khurana, is the most devastating indictment yet published of the health risks. It draws on growing evidence that using handsets for 10 years or more can double the risk of brain cancer. Earlier this year, the French government warned against the use of mobile phones, especially by children. Germany also advises its people to minimize handset use, and the European Environment Agency has called for exposures to be reduced.

Electromagnetic Radiations affect blood brain barrier
The brain is protected by tight junctions between adjacent cells of capillary walls by the blood-brain barrier, which selectively lets nutrients pass through from the blood to the brain, but keeps toxic substances out Swedish researchers from Lund University (Salford, Brun, Perrson, Eberhardt, and Malmgren) have studied the effects of microwave radiation on the rat brain. They found a leakage of albumin into the brain via a permeated blood-brain barrier. Albumin is a protein that is a normal component of blood but that does not normally cross the blood-brain barrier. The presence of albumin in brain tissue is a sign that blood vessels have been damaged and that the brain has lost some of its protection.

Provocation Study using Heart Rate Variability shows Radiation from 2.4 GHz Cordless Phone affects Autonomic Nervous System
The effect of pulsed microwave radiation on heart rate variability (HRV) was tested in a double-blind study. Based on self-assessments, participants classified themselves as extremely electrically sensitive (24%), moderately (16%), slightly (16%), not sensitive (8%) or with no opinion (36%) about their sensitivity. The top 10 symptoms experienced by those claiming to be sensitive include memory problems, difficulty concentrating, eye problems, sleep disorder, feeling unwell, headache, dizziness, tinnitus, chronic fatigue, and heart palpitations. The five most common objects allegedly causing sensitivity were fluorescent lights, antennas, cell phones, Wi-Fi, and cordless phones.